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|Title:||Ceramic membrane nanofiltration for industrial wastewater treatment – a comparison with conventional polymer membranes & data-driven modeling of organic compounds removal|
|Abstract:||Industrial wastewater treatment using conventional treatment technologies is becoming challenging day-by-day due to presence of ‘newer’ refractory compounds, lower treatment efficiencies and stricter environmental laws. Combination of conventional treatment techniques with modern treatment technologies like membrane filtration or advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) has shown promise in achieving high efficiencies. In this work we have worked towards development of a membrane nanofiltration unit to treat coagulation-flocculation pretreated IWW from a specialized treatment facility. More specifically, state-of-the-art TiO2 ceramic NF membranes with low molecular weight cut off (MWCO) (200, 450, 750, 8500 Da) purchased from Inopor Gmbh were tested on 6 different IWW samples due to their superior chemical stability, higher flux and high fouling resistance along with 3 commercial polymer NF membranes (NF90, NFX, NFS) for comparison purposes. Additionally, wastewater characterization dataset including composition analysis using Gas-chromatography Mass-spectroscopy (GC-MS) is leveraged to build data driven models for membrane performance prediction. ‘200 Da’ ceramic NF membrane was able to reject significant COD with an average rejection of 77% and 60% for two IWW samples with permeate flux between 5-15 LMH at 100-120 psi trans-membrane pressure (TMP). ‘200-Da’ membrane was also found to achieve more flux than ‘450 Da’ membrane while rejecting more COD at the same time. ‘200 Da’ membrane also showed lower flux decline than polymer membranes. Additionally, the ceramic NF membranes were found to be easily chemically cleanable restoring wastewater flux after fouling. Since polymer NF membranes were found to reject at higher COD rejection efficiencies (60-90%) and permeate flux, further improvement in ceramic membranes is needed to treat at higher efficiencies. 200 Da, NF90 and NFX membranes were found to be promising to reduce COD below target (600 mg/L) and should be studied further for this application.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|Agnihotri_Satyam_2020Oct_MASc.pdf||2.8 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|AgnihotriSatyam_WastewaterAnalysis_GCMSdata.xlsx||164.01 kB||Microsoft Excel XML||View/Open|
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