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|Title:||Equity in health care funding [electronic resource]|
|Authors:||Hutchison, Brian G|
Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis
|Keywords:||Health Expenditures;statistics & numerical data;Health Resources;economics;Health Resources;organization & administration;Health Services Needs and Demand;statistics & numerical data;Resource Allocation;statistics & numerical data;Health Status|
|Publisher:||McMaster University, Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis|
|Series/Report no.:||CHEPA working paper series 03-03|
|Abstract:||Background: The geographic distribution of health care funding in Canada has traditionally been based on past allocations and the distribution of health care facilities and providers. Whether this approach has succeeded in distributing resources among populations in keeping with relative health care needs is unknown. Methods: Using data on self-assessed health status and utilization of health care services from the Ontario Health Survey, data on health care expenditures from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, and population data from Statistics Canada, we compared actual health care expenditures for geographically-defined populations in Ontario to allocations based on relative population need as represented by age, sex and self-assessed health status. Comparisons were made at the regional (Health Region), district (District Health Council) and local (Public Health Unit) levels. Results: Expenditures and needs-based allocations were significantly different for 4 of 7 regions, 9 of 15 districts and 23 of 42 local areas. At the regional level, needs-based allocations ranged from 8.9% higher to 6.4% lower than actual expenditures. For districts, needs-based allocations ranged from 12.9% higher to 9.8% lower than expenditures. At the local level, needs-based allocations ranged from 23.8% higher to 18.8% lower than expenditures. Intraclass correlation coefficients measuring agreement between needs-based per capita expenditures and actual per capita expenditures were 0.86, 0.74 and 0.58 for regions, districts and local areas respectively. Interpretation: Although, on average, the differences between needs-based allocations and actual health care expenditures were not large, the discrepancies were substantial for many geographic areas. The adoption in Ontario of funding methods based on relative population needs would improve equity in the allocation of health care resources to populations and result in a considerable redistribution of resources.|
|Description:||Brian Hutchison ... [et al.].|
Title from title page of source document (viewed Feb. 6, 2004).
Includes bibliographical references.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
|Appears in Collections:||CHEPA Working Paper Series|
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