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|Title:||THE EUROPEAN CONNECTION: A STUDY OF THOMAS HALIBURTON, GILBERT PARKER, AND SARA JEANNETTE DUNCAN|
|Abstract:||<p>The novels of Thomas Haliburton, Gilbert Parker and Sara Jeannette Duncan repay a closer examination than they have received to date on several counts. First, they flesh out in rich imaginative terms schemes for imperial federation that were popular in Canada throughout the 19th and into the 20th century. Thomas Haliburton's mordant satire in The Clockmaker; or, the Sayings and Doings of Sam Slick and The Attaché or Sam Slick in England is directed towards the elimirtation of impediments to an improved British connection. Chief among these is the mismanagement of colonfal affairs on Downing Street, and the underestimation of the native authority that persisted in that quarter. Writing at a time when the movement for imperial federation was its most intense, Gilbert Parker celebrated enlightened British rule in several historical romances set in Canada; but obstacles to acceptance faced by his two Canadian protagonists in England in The Trespasser and The Translation of a Savage are documented at great length in those books. This indicates a fundamental difficulty in the notion of a united Anglo-Saxondom underlying much imperial rhetoric. In her studies of American-European relations, Sara Jeannette Duncan explores the characteristics that divide as well as those that unite members of the North American triangle. The transalantic marriages that recur in her work suggest a larger union of a political sort; but the increased attention to local, as opposed to international, matters in The Imperialist presages a movement away from European connection.</p> <p>Second, all three writers investigate aspects of European connection that rise above the narrowly political focus of imperialism. The moral and cultural implications of the international theme as they deal with it were many ways peculiarly New World; and so their work is of a piece with American statements on the same subject. A survey of representative Amierican authors from Washington Irving to Henry James is made in the initial chapter to provide a sense of the historical and literary context in which Haliburton, Parker and Duncan were writing.</p> <p>Third, the study of Old World alliance in these writers gives rise to more general questions of cosmopolitanism that have continued to be debated by Canadians up to the present day. The extent to which subjects of vital importance to these three 19th-century imperialists still engage the serious writer in Canada today is considered in the conclusion to the thesis.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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