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|Title:||Where not what: the role of spatial-motor processing in decision-making|
|Keywords:||eeg;psychology;neuroscience;electroencephalography;decision;reinforcement learning;choice;q-learning;motor;vision;basal ganglia;striatum;putamen;nucleus accumbens;cannabis;sex|
|Abstract:||Decision-making is comprised of an incredibly varied set of behaviours. However, all vertebrates tend to repeat previously rewarding actions and avoid those that have led to loss, behaviours known collectively as the win-stay, lose-shift strategy. This response strategy is supported by the sensorimotor striatum and nucleus accumbens, structures also implicated in spatial processing and the integration of sensory information in order to guide motor action. Therefore, choices may be represented as spatial-motor actions whose value is determined by the rewards and punishments associated with that action. In this dissertation I demonstrate that the location of choices relative to previous rewards and punishments, rather than their identities, determines their value. Chapters 2 and 4 demonstrate that the location of rewards and punishments drives future decisions to win-stay or lose-shift towards that location. Even when choices differ in colour or shape, choice value is determined by location, not visual identity. Chapter 3 compares decision-making when two, six, twelve, or eighteen choices are present, finding that the value of a win or loss is not tied to a single location, but is distributed throughout the choice environment. Finally, Chapter 5 provides anatomical support for the spatial-motor basis of choice. Specifically, win-stay responses are associated with greater oscillatory activity than win-shift responses in the motor cortex corresponding to the hand used to make a choice, whereas lose-shift responses are accompanied by greater activation of frontal systems compared to lose-stay responses. The win-stay and lose-shift behaviours activate structures known to project to different regions of the striatum. Overall, this dissertation provides behavioural evidence that choice location, not visual identity, determines choice value.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|banks_parker_j_2021june_phd.pdf||12.37 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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