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|Title:||Sensitivity Analysis of Convex Relaxations for Nonsmooth Global Optimization|
|Keywords:||sensitivity analysis;subgradients;directional derivatives;nonsmooth;global optimization;convex relaxation|
|Abstract:||Nonsmoothness appears in various applications in chemical engineering, including multi-stream heat exchangers, nonsmooth flash calculation, process integration. In terms of numerical approaches, convex/concave relaxations of static and dynamic systems may also exhibit nonsmoothness. These relaxations are used in deterministic methods for global optimization. This thesis presents several new theoretical results for nonsmooth sensitivity analysis, with an emphasis on convex relaxations. Firstly, the "compass difference" and established ODE results by Pang and Stewart are used to describe a correct subgradient for a nonsmooth dynamic system with two parameters. This sensitivity information can be computed using standard ODE solvers. Next, this thesis also uses the compass difference to obtain a subgradient for the Tsoukalas-Mitsos convex relaxations of composite functions of two variables. Lastly, this thesis develops a new general subgradient result for Tsoukalas-Mitsos convex relaxations of composite functions. This result does not limit on the dimensions of input variables. It gives the whole subdifferential of Tsoukalas-Mitsos convex relaxations. Compare to Tsoukalas-Mitsos’ previous subdifferential results, it does not require additionally solving a dual optimization problem as well. The new subgradient results are extended to obtain directional derivatives for Tsoukalas-Mitsos convex relaxations. The new subgradient results and directional derivative results are computationally approachable: subgradients in this article can be calculated both by the vector forward AD mode and reverse AD mode. A proof-of-concept implementation in Matlab is discussed.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Yuan_Yingwei_2020December_MASc.pdf||Final MASc Thesis||820.09 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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