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|Title:||Probabilistic Flood Forecast Using Bayesian Methods|
|Keywords:||Probabilistic flood forecast;Bayesian theorem;Uncertainty quantification;Predictive distribution;Ensemble forecast;Post-processing|
|Abstract:||The number of flood events and the estimated costs of floods have increased dramatically over the past few decades. To reduce the negative impacts of flooding, reliable flood forecasting is essential for early warning and decision making. Although various flood forecasting models and techniques have been developed, the assessment and reduction of uncertainties associated with the forecast remain a challenging task. Therefore, this thesis focuses on the investigation of Bayesian methods for producing probabilistic flood forecasts to accurately quantify predictive uncertainty and enhance the forecast performance and reliability. In the thesis, hydrologic uncertainty was quantified by a Bayesian post-processor - Hydrologic Uncertainty Processor (HUP), and the predictability of HUP with different hydrologic models under different flow conditions were investigated. Followed by an extension of HUP into an ensemble prediction framework, which constitutes the Bayesian Ensemble Uncertainty Processor (BEUP). Then the BEUP with bias-corrected ensemble weather inputs was tested to improve predictive performance. In addition, the effects of input and model type on BEUP were investigated through different combinations of BEUP with deterministic/ensemble weather predictions and lumped/semi-distributed hydrologic models. Results indicate that Bayesian method is robust for probabilistic flood forecasting with uncertainty assessment. HUP is able to improve the deterministic forecast from the hydrologic model and produces more accurate probabilistic forecast. Under high flow condition, a better performing hydrologic model yields better probabilistic forecast after applying HUP. BEUP can significantly improve the accuracy and reliability of short-range flood forecasts, but the improvement becomes less obvious as lead time increases. The best results for short-range forecasts are obtained by applying both bias correction and BEUP. Results also show that bias correcting each ensemble member of weather inputs generates better flood forecast than only bias correcting the ensemble mean. The improvement on BEUP brought by the hydrologic model type is more significant than the input data type. BEUP with semi-distributed model is recommended for short-range flood forecasts.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Han_Shasha_Sep2019_PhD.pdf||7.37 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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