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|Title:||Perceptual Functions of Auditory Neural Oscillation Entrainment|
|Keywords:||Neural entrainment;Rhythm;Audition;Electroencephalography (EEG)|
|Abstract:||Humans must process fleeting auditory information in real time, such as speech and music. The amplitude modulation of the acoustic waveforms of speech and music is rhythmically organized in time, following, for example, the beats of music or the syllables of speech, and this property enables temporal prediction and proactive perceptual optimization. At the neural level, external rhythmic sensory input entrains internal neural oscillatory activities, including low-frequency (e.g., delta, 1-4 Hz) phase, high-frequency (e.g., beta, 15-25 Hz) power, and their phase-amplitude coupling. These neural entrainment activities represent internal temporal prediction and proactive perceptual optimization. The present thesis investigated two critical but previously unsolved questions. First, do these multiple entrainment mechanisms for tracking auditory rhythm have distinct but coordinated perceptual functions? Second, does regularity in the temporal (when) domain associate with prediction and perception in the orthogonal spectral (what) domain of audition? This thesis addressed these topics by combining electroencephalography (EEG), psychophysics, and statistical modeling approaches. Chapter II shows that beta power entrainment reflects both rhythmic temporal prediction (when events are expected) and violation of spectral information prediction (what events are expected). Chapter III further demonstrates that degree of beta power entrainment prior to a pitch change reflects how well an upcoming pitch change will be predicted. Chapter IV reveals that rhythmic organization of sensory input proactively facilitates pitch perception. Trial-by-trial behavioural-neural associations suggested that delta phase entrainment reflects temporal expectation, beta power entrainment reflects temporal attention, and their phase-amplitude coupling reflects the alignment of these two perceptual mechanisms and is associated with auditory-motor communication. Together, this thesis advanced our understanding of how neural entrainment mechanisms relate to perceptual functions for tracking auditory events in time, which are essential for perceiving speech and music.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Chang_Andrew_2019Sept_PhD.pdf||10.43 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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