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|Title:||An Offline Dynamic Programming Technique for Autonomous Vehicles with Hybrid Electric Powertrain|
|Keywords:||autonomous vehicles;hybrid electric vehicles;energy management;dynamic programming|
|Abstract:||There has been an increased necessity to search for alternative transportation methods, mainly driven by limited fuel availability and the negative impacts of climate change and exhaust emissions. These factors have lead to increased regulations and a societal shift towards a cleaner and more e cient transportation system. Automotive and technology companies need to be looking for ways to reshape mobility, enhance safety, increase accessibility, and eliminate the ine ciencies of the current transportation system in order to address such a shift. Hybrid vehicles are a popular solution that address many of these goals. In order to fully realize the bene ts of hybrid vehicle technology, the power distribution decision needs to be optimized. In the past, global optimization techniques have been dismissed because they require knowledge of the journey of the vehicle in advance, and are generally computationally extensive. Recent advancements in technologies, like sensors, cameras, lidar, GPS, Internet of Things, and computing processors, have changed the basic assumptions that were made during the vehicle design process. In particular, it is becoming increasingly possible to know future driving conditions. In addition to this, autonomous vehicle technology is addressing many safety and e ciency concerns. This thesis considers and integrates recent technologies when de ning a new approach to hybrid vehicle supervisory controller design and optimization. The dynamic programming algorithm has been systematically applied to an autonomous vehicle with a power-split hybrid electric powertrain. First, a more realistic driving cycle, the Journey Mapping cycle, is introduced to test the performance of the proposed control strategy under more appropriate conditions. Techniques such as vectorization and partitioning are applied to improve the computational e ciency of the dynamic programming algorithm, as it is applied to the hybrid vehicle energy management problem. The dynamic programming control algorithm is benchmarked against rule-based algorithms to substantively measure its bene ts. It is proven that the DP solution improves vehicle performance by at least 9 to 17% when simulated over standard drive cycles. In addition, the dynamic programming solution improves vehicle performance by at least 32 to 39% when simulated over more realistic conditions. The results emphasize the bene ts of optimal hybrid supervisory control and the need to design and test vehicles over realistic driving conditions. Finally, the dynamic programming solution is applied to the process of adaptive control calibration. The particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to calibrate control variables to match an existing controller's operation to the dynamic programming solution.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Vadala_Brynn_A_2018May_MASc.pdf||5.81 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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