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|Title:||Rearrangement of 2D clusters of droplets under compression: from crystal to glass|
|Department:||Physics and Astronomy|
|Abstract:||Emulsions and colloidal suspensions have various industrial applications but are also used in laboratories as model systems for studying the different phases of matter. They are versatile as their nature, size and inter-particle interactions are easily tuneable. These systems are perfect for studying questions such as the phase transition. In this thesis, we investigate the transition from an ordered crystal to a disordered glass. Perfectly ordered crystals are modeled by clusters of highly monodisperse droplets. We study the transition toward a glassy system by mixing two monodisperse populations of droplets in different proportions. The clusters are compressed between two thin glass rods, one of which is a force transducer. The forces within the clusters are directly measured and used as an indicator of the composition of the cluster. Upon introduction of disorder, the number of peaks in the force measurement increases drastically. We find that the way the energy is dissipated in the cluster is valuable information to characterize the crystal-to-glass transition. In addition to the experimental study of the crystal-to-glass transition, we have developed an analytical model that is in full agreement with the experimental observations. A crystal is modeled as an assembly of Hookean springs that will store elastic energy until it reaches a fracture point. We are able to predict the number of peaks in the force measurements when defects are introduced using simple geometric arguments. From this prediction, the way the work is dissipated in a given transition can be predicted.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|OnoditBiot_JeanChristophe_finalsubmission201710_msc.pdf||MSc Thesis||4.1 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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