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|Title:||HUMANITARIAN POLICY-MAKER PERSPECTIVES ON PALLIATIVE CARE|
|Keywords:||Palliative Care;Global Health;Humanitarian;Healthcare;Interpretive Description|
|Abstract:||Background: In the face of overwhelming need and increasingly scarce resources, the humanitarian charge of “saving lives and alleviating suffering” is often reduced to simply saving lives. In 2014, World Health Assembly Resolution 67.19 called for the strengthening of palliative care as a key component of comprehensive care. However, even when palliative care is the only available option (ie. 2014-2015 Ebola Crisis), there is little evidence showing it is available in the field. More research is needed to understand this dissonance between policy and practice, and to ensure that humanitarians are providing ethical and contextually appropriate care. Methodology: Twelve individual, in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted in English and French with humanitarian healthcare policy makers from North America, Europe, and the Middle East, average 10+ years of experience representing various international organizations. Interviews were transcribed and coded using NVivo11 and an interpretive description framework. Findings: Participant comments suggested the existence of an institutionalized rescue culture, characterized by the fear of failure, equating of death with failure of the humanitarian healthcare professional, and a resultant systemic devaluation of palliative- type care in disaster contexts. The indoctrination of this culture may begin as early as medical school, and manifests clearly in the lack of consistent nomenclature and awareness of palliative care, treatment of palliative-triaged individuals, and resources allocated to palliative care in humanitarian contexts. Palliative care provision is a moral obligation as a final bastion of the human right to dignity and to health. Discussion & Conclusion: In order for palliative care to be integrated into the humanitarian mandate, a significant cultural shift must first take place. The findings of this thesis and the larger Humanitarian Health Ethics study will provide key guidance for the adoption and adaptation of policies that help humanitarians maintain the dignity of individuals in their most vulnerable moments.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Krishnaraj_Gautham_2017August_MScGlobalHealth.pdf||999.1 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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