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|Title:||EVALUATING THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PROGRESSION-FREE SURVIVAL AND HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN CANCER.|
|Department:||Health Research Methodology|
|Abstract:||Background: In oncology, progression-free survival (PFS) is a surrogate outcome measure and trial end point, which is increasingly being used to determine the efficacy and implementation in patient care of new drugs. The goal of patient-centred cancer care is to extend overall survival (OS) or improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL), however, drugs with PFS benefit are more commonly being approved for use in the absence of OS, when patient benefit would have to arise from improved HRQoL. The association between PFS and HRQoL in oncology has been poorly studied, and this association remains unknown. The objective of this thesis was to thoroughly evaluate the PFS-HRQoL association in oncology. Methods: We published a protocol outlining the design of a highly comprehensive systematic review, and a new analytical approach to optimally explore the PFS-HRQoL association from published oncology randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We recruited an international team of reviewers to conduct the systematic review across three HRQoL domains, and performed a quantitative analysis to find the PFS-HRQoL association in oncology. We examined our database of eligible RCTs for methodological issues through a descriptive exploration of risk of bias, to further inform on the design and conduct of future RCTs. Results: We failed to find an association between PFS and HRQoL in the absence of OS in oncology. Very few published oncology RCTs measure and report HRQoL iv information, and among those that do, design and conduct issues related to blinding, and especially attrition are common. Conclusion: Oncology RCTs must either be adequately powered for OS, or designed to properly measure HRQoL, so patients can receive treatments offering benefit in one of these two patient-centered outcomes, and not solely based on PFS. There is a lack of high quality RCTs informing on the PFS-HRQoL association, and more of these types of trials are needed in the future for further analysis to confirm our findings.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Kovic_Bruno_E_finalsubmission201709_PhD.pdf||1.81 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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