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|Title:||EFFECTS OF DRAG-REDUCING POLYMERS ON TURBULENCE GROWTH AND BURSTING IN NEAR MINIMAL CHANNELS AND EXTENDED DOMAINS|
|Keywords:||drag reduction;MDR;laminar-turbulent transition;edge state|
|Abstract:||Two major problems in viscoelastic turbulence, the effects of polymers on the laminar-turbulent transition dynamics and the origin of the maximum drag reduction asymptote, can be both better understood in the regime near the margin of turbulence. In the first part of this thesis, direct numerical simulation trajectories initiated from the edge state are used to follow its unstable manifold into the turbulent basin. In Newtonian flow, the growth of turbulence starts with the intensification of velocity streaks and a sharp rise in the Reynolds shear stress. It is followed by a quick breakdown into high-intensity small-scale fluctuations before entering the core of turbulence. Adding drag-reducing polymers does not affect the initial growth of turbulence but stabilizes the primary streak-vortex structure, which help the flow circumvent the breakdown stage. Throughout the process, polymers act in reaction to the growing turbulence and do not drive the instability. This part not only reveals the transition dynamics into turbulence but also presents a comprehensive view of the bursting stage observed in the near-wall self-sustaining cycle, which starts as the flow leaves hibernating turbulence and is redirected towards the turbulent basin by the unstable manifold of the edge state. On the other hand, this thesis also discusses the effects of polymer addition on the laminar-turbulent transition in extended domains. Localized turbulent spot can be clearly observed in the large box, and this turbulent region will spread as well as tend to “split” but finally fill up the whole domain before it is separated. Polymers do not affect the flow dynamics until the burst. Similarly, vortex structures rapidly break down into small scales after the first bursting of Reynolds shear stress, but polymer additives depress this process. The thesis offers a clear and comprehensive overview of the transition into turbulence in the presence of drag-reducing polymers. Future work remains in two major directions. The first is to pinpoint the flow states responsible for the quantitative origin of the universal upper limit of drag reduction observed in experiments. The second is to determine the role, if any, of elasticity-driven instabilities in the transition.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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