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|Title:||Design and Testing of a Replaceable Connection for Steel Concentrically Braced Frames|
|Keywords:||Concentrically Braced Frame;Replaceable Bolted Connection;Experimental;Finite Element|
|Abstract:||There is increasing demand, from both engineers and their clients, for structures that can be rapidly returned to occupancy following an earthquake, while also maintaining or reducing initial costs. One possible way towards this goal is to ensure that seismic damage occurs only within elements that can be removed and replaced following a damaging earthquake. For concentrically braced frames that use hollow structural sections, the current design practice requires field welding of the brace to the gusset in a way that causes the brace to buckle out-of-plane. In the event of a damaging earthquake, the out-of-plane brace buckling may damage both the gusset plate and also any adjacent exterior cladding. The plate cannot be easily replaced, resulting in expensive and time-consuming repairs, and the damaged cladding could endanger the lives of people evacuating the building and of other pedestrians. Through multiple design iterations, a new steel concentrically braced frame connection type was developed that can be bolted into place and that confines damage to replaceable components. The proposed connection is expected to result in reduced erection costs and be easier to repair following a major earthquake. Moreover, the new connection causes buckling to occur in-plane, preventing dangerous damage to the cladding. Large scale experimental testing on two variations of the new connection was performed. The cyclic, uniaxial testing of a brace with the new connection demonstrated the connection’s ability to behave in a desirable manner, with tensile yielding, brace buckling and connection rotation occurring during the expected drift levels associated with earthquake loading. A nonlinear finite element model of a brace with the new connection was developed and discussed. The finite element model was able to replicate the results of the experiment and will allow for further research and development of the new connection. The new connection shows promise as a replaceable connection for the seismic design of concentrically braced frames.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Stevens_Daniel_M_201612_MASc.pdf||6.3 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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