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|Title:||Kinematic Simulation for Turbulent Particle-Laden Flows|
|Keywords:||Particle-laden flows;Turbulence modelling;Two-phase flows;Kinematic simulation;Turbulence|
|Abstract:||Kinematic simulation (KS) is a means of generating a turbulent-like velocity field, in a manner that enforces an input Eulerian energy spectrum. Such models have also been applied in particle-laden flows, due to their ability to enforce spatial organization of the fluid velocity field when simulating the trajectories of individual particles. A critical evaluation of KS is presented; in particular, its ability to reproduce single-particle Lagrangian statistics is examined. Also the ability of KS to reproduce the preferential concentration of inertial particles is explored. Some numerical results are presented, in which fluid tracers and inertial particles are transported alternatively by (1) simulated turbulence generated by direct numerical simulation (DNS) of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, and (2) KS. The effect of unsteadiness formulation in particular is examined. It is found that even steady KS qualitatively reproduces the continuity effect, clustering of inertial particles, elevated dispersion of inertial particles and the intermittent turbulence velocity signal. A novel method is then motivated and formulated, in which, for input RANS parameters, a simulated spectrum is used to generate a KS field which enforces a target Lagrangian timescale. This method is then tested against an existing experimental benchmark, and good agreement is obtained.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Murray_Stephen_A_2016April_PhD.pdf||2.13 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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