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|Title:||Seismic Displacement Demands on Self-Centering Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems|
|Abstract:||Most conventional seismic design intends for key structural members to yield in order to limit seismic forces, leading to structural damage after a major earthquake. To minimize this structural damage, self-centering systems are being developed. But how to estimate the peak seismic displacement of a self-centering system remains a problem for practical design. This thesis addresses this need by presenting a parametric study on the seismic displacement demands of single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) systems with flag-shaped hysteresis considering 13,440,000 nonlinear time history analyses. Ground motion records that represent seismic hazards in active seismic regions with stiff soil and rock site conditions are used. The influences of the four independent parameters that define a flag-shaped hysteresis are presented in terms of median displacement ratios, facilitating the design-level estimation of nonlinear displacement demands on self-centering systems from the spectra displacements of elastic systems. The influence of initial period on self-centering systems is similar to its influence on traditional systems with elastoplastic hysteresis, but a much lower linear limit can be adopted for self-centering systems while achieving acceptable peak displacements. Supplemental energy dissipation suppresses the peak displacement but additional energy dissipation becomes less effective as more is added. The effect of nonlinear stiffness is small as long as it is positive and close to zero, but a negative nonlinear stiffness can lead to unstable response. Self-centering systems located on rock sites usually have smaller displacement demands than those on stiff soil sites. When the damping ratio is increased or decreased, the displacement ratios do not necessarily decrease or increase consistently. A tangent stiffness proportional damping model is considered, leading to a significant increase in displacement demands but similar overall trends. Based on the observations, regression analysis is used to develop a simplified equation that approximates the median inelastic displacement ratios of self-centering systems for design.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Zhang_Changxuan_201509_M.A.Sc.pdf||M.A.Sc Thesis||3.47 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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