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|Title:||NUTRITIONAL AND CONTRACTILE REGULATION OF HUMAN MUSCLE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS: ROLE OF LEUCINE AND CITRULLINE|
|Authors:||Churchward-Venne, Tyler A.|
|Advisor:||Phillips, Stuart M|
|Keywords:||muscle protein synthesis;leucine;resistance exercise;citrulline;stable isotope tracers;amino acids;Kinesiology;Kinesiology|
|Abstract:||<p>Amino acids are key nutritional stimuli that are both substrate for muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and signaling molecules that regulate the translational machinery. There is a dose-dependent relationship between protein intake and MPS that differs between young and elderly subjects. The current thesis contains results from three separate studies that were conducted to examine to potential to enhance smaller doses of protein, known to be suboptimal in their capacity to stimulate MPS, through supplementation with specific amino acids, namely leucine and citrulline.</p> <p>The first two studies examined the potential to enhance the muscle protein synthetic capacity of a smaller, suboptimal dose of whey protein with leucine. In study one, we concluded that leucine supplementation of a suboptimal dose of protein could render it as effective at enhancing rates of MPS as ~four times as much protein (25 g) under resting conditions, but not following resistance exercise. In study two, we examined the potential of leucine and branched-chain amino acids to enhance the MPS response of a suboptimal dose of protein within the context of mixed macronutrient ingestion. We concluded that supplementation with a relatively high dose of leucine could render it as effective at enhancing MPS rates as ~four times as much protein (25 g) under both resting and post-exercise conditions.</p> <p>In study three, we examined the potential of citrulline supplementation to enhance blood flow, microvascular circulation, and MPS in response to a suboptimal dose of whey protein in elderly subjects. We concluded that supplementation of a suboptimal dose of protein with citrulline did not augment bulk blood flow or muscle microvascular circulation. The major findings from the works presented in this thesis is that smaller doses of protein that normally elicit a suboptimal increase in MPS can be made more anabolic when supplemented with specific amino acids.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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