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|Title:||EXPLOSIVE BOILING FORCE OF A SINGLE DROPLET ON SOLID HEATED SURFACES|
|Authors:||Moghul, Dennis K.|
|Keywords:||Explosive boiling;single droplet;superheat limit;Heat Transfer, Combustion;Nuclear Engineering;Heat Transfer, Combustion|
|Abstract:||<p>Explosive boiling is a phenomenon encountered in severe nuclear reactor accidents during quench cooling, core relocation or through fuel-coolant interactions. The mitigation of accident conditions is important from a safety standpoint since explosive boiling is potentially capable of destructive forces. Explosive boiling occurs when coolant water encounters a hot solid surface and absorbs a high degree of superheat. The resultant boiling mode is violent and features the rapid decomposition of liquid on a microsecond timescale with liquid atomization and ejection. In this study, the explosive boiling force of a single water droplet impacting hot solid surfaces was estimated with secondary droplet analyses using high-speed imaging.</p> <p>A water droplet at 25°C with a Weber number of 432 impacted perpendicular to solid surfaces at temperatures from 30-700°C. Solid surfaces of copper, brass and stainless steel varied in thermal diffusivity from 3.48 x10<sup>-6 </sup>to 1.17 x10<sup>-4 </sup>m<sup>2</sup>/s. Curved and flat impact surfaces were also tested. Explosive boiling was most prominent when the instantaneous interface temperature attained the superheat limit temperature (300°C ±17°C). Maximum boiling force was encountered at the superheat limit with reduced force at surface temperatures in the nucleate boiling regime and near zero force in the film boiling regime. Thermal disintegration dominates over inertial break up of the droplet near the superheat limit region. Thermal diffusivity effects were only distinguishable in the 250-450°C region where increasing thermal diffusivity translated to larger boiling forces. Secondary droplet counts, size, trajectories were dependent on the boiling mode present at the interface with very strong variances caused by thermal break up of the initial droplet. Explosive boiling caused greater fragmentation creating more secondary droplets with smaller sizes and larger ejection trajectories. A curved surface showed slightly higher explosive boiling force in the superheat limit region but with negligible effects on secondary droplet properties.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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