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|Title:||Some Recent Developments in WKB Approximation|
|Department:||Physics and Astronomy|
|Keywords:||Quantum Physics;Quantum Physics|
|Abstract:||<p>WKB theory provides a plausible link between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics in its semi-classical limit. Connecting the WKB wave function across the turning points in a quantum well, leads to the WKB quantization condition. In this work, I focus on some improvements and recent developments related to the WKB quantization condition. First I discuss how the combination of super-symmetric quantum mechanics and WKB, gives the SWKB quantization condition which is exact for a large class of potentials called shape invariant potentials. Next I turn to the fact that there is always a probability of refection when the potential is not constant and the phase of the wave function should account for this refection. WKB theory ignores refection except at turning points. I explain the work of Friedrich and Trost who showed that by including the correct "refection phase" at a turning point, the WKB quantization condition can be made to give exact bound state energies. Next I discuss the work of Cao and collaborators which takes refection of the wave function into account everywhere. We show that Cao's method provides a way to compute the F-T refection phase. Finally I discuss a paper of Fabre and Guery-Odelin who used the exponential potential to study the accuracy of WKB. In their results the accuracy deteriorates as the energy increases, which is inconsistent with Bohr's correspondence principle. Using the Friedrich and Trost method, we resolved this problem.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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