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|Title:||Surface Modification of Polydimethylsiloxane with a Covalent Antithrombin-Heparin Complex for Blood Contacting Applications|
|Authors:||Leung, Jennifer M.|
Chan, Anthony K.C.
|Keywords:||Protein adsorption;polymeric biomaterials;silicone;thrombosis;immobilization;blood compatibility;Biomaterials;Biomaterials|
|Abstract:||<p>Medical devices used for diagnosis and treatment often involve the exposure of the patient’s blood to biomaterials that are foreign to the body, and blood-material contact may trigger coagulation and lead to thrombotic complications. Therefore, the risk of thrombosis and the issue of blood compatibility are limitations in the development of biomaterials for blood-contacting applications. The objective of this research was to develop a dual strategy for surface modification of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to prevent thrombosis by (1) grafting polyethylene glycol (PEG) to inhibit non-specific protein adsorption, and (2) covalently attaching an antithrombin-heparin (ATH) covalent complex to the distal end of the PEG chains to inhibit coagulation at the surface.</p> <p>Surface characterization via contact angle measurements confirmed reductions in hydrophobicity for the modified surfaces and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicated that heparin and ATH were present. The predisposition of PDMS to induce blood coagulation was investigated, and advantages of ATH over heparin in inhibiting coagulation on PDMS were demonstrated. Studies of protein interactions using radiolabelling and Western blotting demonstrated the ability of PEG-modified surfaces to resist non-specific protein adsorption, and the ability of ATH- and heparin-modified surfaces to specifically bind AT present in plasma, thereby providing anticoagulant activity. Through specific interactions with the pentasaccharide sequence on the heparin moiety, the ATH-modified surfaces bound AT more efficiently than the heparin-modified surfaces. Thromboelastography (TEG) was used to evaluate further the anticoagulant potential of the ATH-modified surfaces. It was found that coagulation occurred at a slower rate on the ATH-modified surfaces compared to unmodified PDMS, and the resulting clot was mechanically weaker. By creating a surface with bioinert and bioactive properties, non-specific protein adsorption was reduced and anticoagulation at the surface through specific protein binding was promoted. This dual PEO/ATH modification strategy may therefore offer an improved approach for the minimization of thrombosis on PDMS and biomaterial surfaces more generally.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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