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|Title:||Direct Conversion of Fibroblasts to Hematopoietic Progenitors|
|Keywords:||direct conversion;lymphopoiesis;hematopoietic progenitor;OCT4;Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology;Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology|
|Abstract:||<p>Immunodeficient-causing diseases such as HIV and leukemia have no cures, often require meticulous treatments and result in high morbidity or mortality. Although bone marrow transplants are an option for a subset of leukemia patients, the shortage of donors and the requirement for donor matching restricts the efficacy of this treatment option. Therefore there is a prominent clinical need for alternative sources of hematopoietic stem/progentior cells with lymphopoietic potential. Recently we described the direct conversion of human dermal fibroblasts to multilineage hematopoietic progenitors by ectopic expression of OCT4. This direct conversion method was used to assess whether OCT4-transduced fibroblasts had the capacity to derive cells of the lymphoid lineage. This work shows the transient co-expression of CD34 and CD45 of fibroblasts within 7 days of OCT4 transduction followed by stable expression of CD45 on fibroblasts by day 15. The acquisition of hematopoietic markers, however, did not coincide with colony formation as previously described. Furthermore, CD45+ cells that were enriched and cultured in hematopoietic conducive conditions did not acquire co-expression of CD34 as previously shown. Interestingly, CD34 expression was shown to be inversely correlated with OCT4 expression. Therefore the constitutive expression of OCT4 may have (1) inhibited the acquisition of CD34 expression on CD45+ cells (2) downregulated the expression of CD34 on the day 7 CD34+CD45+ fibroblasts, thereby resulting in the transient expression of these markers. Furthermore, this work shows that expression of CD45 on OCT4-transduced fibroblasts is required for survival on the MS5 stromal cell line used to support hematopoietic progenitors with lymphopoietic potential, while supplementation of CD45+ fibroblasts with hematopoietic progenitor supportive conditions resulting in co-expression of CD34 and CD45 is required for acquisition of CD19, a pan-B cell marker on CD45+ fibroblasts. These findings suggest OCT4-transduced fibroblasts have lymphopoietic potential.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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