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|Title:||Ice Binding Structure and Mechanism of an Antifreeze Protein from Winter Flounder|
|Advisor:||Yang, Daniel S.C.|
|Abstract:||<p>The 1.5Å x-ray crystal structure of a lone α-helical antifreeze protein (AFP) from winter flounder is presented, providing the first detailed look at an AFP and its ice binding features. The structure was determined using a non conventional multi-parameter molecular replacement scheme with two idealized α-helices as the search models. The described method may prove useful for the determination of other α-helical structures. The AFP's ice binding structure consists of four repeated ice binding motifs (IBMs), the side chains of which are inherently rigid or restrained by pair-wise side chain interactions to form a flat binding surface. Comparison shows that analogous IBM sequences are found highly conserved in all members of the α-helical class of AFPs. Also revealed are the presence of elaborate N- and C-terminal cap structures which help to account for the AFP's unusual stability for a lone a-helix in aqueous solution. Based on the crystal structure, a model amenable to testing is proposed which accounts for the proteins ice binding ability and specificity. Experiments to test the validity and generality of this ice binding model are proposed.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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