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|Title:||Three Essays on Stochastic Volatility with Volatility Measures|
|Keywords:||Stochastic Volatility;Realized Volatility;Bayesian MCMC;Implied Volatility;Volatility forecasting;Overnight Volatility|
|Abstract:||This thesis studies realized volatility (RV), implied volatility (IV) and their applications in stochastic volatility models. The first essay uses both daytime and overnight high-frequency price data for equity index futures to estimate the RV of the S\&P500 and NASDAQ 100 indexes. Empirical results reveal strong inter-correlation between the regular-trading-time and after-hour RVs, as well as a significant predictive power of overnight RV on daytime RV and vice versa. We propose a new day-night realized stochastic volatility (DN-SV-RV) model, where the daytime and overnight returns are jointly modeled with their RVs, and their latent volatilities are correlated. The newly proposed DN-SV-RV model has the best out-of-sample return distribution forecasts among the models considered. The second essay extends the realized stochastic volatility model by jointly estimating return, RV and IV. We examine how RV and IV enhance the estimation of the latent volatility process for both the S\&P500 index and individual stocks. The third essay re-examines asymmetric stochastic volatility (ASV) models with different return-volatility correlation structures given RV and IV. We show by simulation that estimating the ASV models with return series alone may infer erroneous estimations of the correlation coefficients. The incorporation of volatility measures helps identify the true return-volatility correlation within the ASV framework. Empirical evidence on global equity market indices verifies that ASV models with additional volatility measures not only obtain significantly different estimations of the correlations compared to the benchmark ASV models, but also improve out-of-sample return forecasts.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Zhang_Zehua_202009_PhD.pdf||4.05 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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