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|Title:||Modeling of Extensional Behaviour of Polymers|
|Keywords:||modeling, extensional, behaviour, polymers, stress/strain|
|Abstract:||The use of polymeric materials in the manufacturing industry has vastly increased since the 1950’s. Because of the large amounts of material involved in modern processing operations, attempts have been made over the years to numerically simulate the processes, in the hope of optimizing operating parameters. However, in contrast to other, more traditional materials such as steel or glass, there is not a well understood connection between the microscopic structure and the (highly non-linear) macroscopic physical response of polymers. Because of this lack of microscopic cause - macroscopic effect knowledge, many descriptions of the physical response of polymers are largely phenomenological ones; that is, the equations used to model the stress/strain response make no attempt to convey information about the microscopic structure of the material.</p> <p> In the present work, five constitutive equations - Mooney-Rivlin, Ogden, G’Sell Two-term Polynomial and K-BKZ - are used to model the stress/strain response of two different polymers commonly used in thermoforming and blowmolding operations, ABS and HDPE, to uniaxial elongation and equibiaxial extension. The models are compared to experimental stress/strain data obtained from an industrial source, and the applicability of their predictions are investigated with regards to variations in strain, strain rate and temperature. Lastly, since the vast majority of real processes involve biaxial, not uniaxial, deformations, the ability of the models to predict equibiaxial response using parameters fit solely to uniaxial data is considered, in order to investigate the possibility of being able to forego the need for expensive, difficult biaxial tests.|
|Appears in Collections:||Digitized Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Pocher_John_1996Oct_Masters.pdf||2.68 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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