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|Title:||Determination of Two-Phase Mass Flow Rate in Refrigerant R-134a Pipe Flow|
Chang, J. S.
|Keywords:||mass flow rate, refrigerant R-134a, two-phase, pipe flow|
|Abstract:||An examination of various methods for mass flow rate measurements was undertaken to evaluate their applicability for measuring refrigerant R-134a two-phase mass flow in refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment. An experimental apparatus was constructed to generate the required two-phase flow conditions. A turbine and a venturi flowmeter were used together with either a capacitance transducer or a gamma densitometer to determine the two-phase mass flow rate. The time-averaged void fraction was measured using a capacitance transducer and a gamma densitometer. Their measurements were in good agreement. Hence, for mass flow rate measurements, the capacitance transducer was used as the void fraction meter because of its ease of operation. A number of models were used to combine the output of either the turbine flowmeter or the venturi flowmeter, with the void fraction measurement to estimate the mass flow rate. It was found that, within the range of experimental data tested in the present work, the venturi flowmeter, in conjunction with Chisholm's model, provided the best agreement with the experimental results.|
|Appears in Collections:||Digitized Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Wang_Jianwei_1993Aug_Masters.pdf||4.7 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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