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|Title:||Investigating Behaviour of Elastomeric Bearings Considering Non-Standard Top and Bottom Boundary Rotations|
|Keywords:||Experimental;Earthquake;Elastomeric;Bearing;Isolation;Rotation;Natural Rubber;Boundary Rotation|
|Abstract:||Seismic isolation, in which a flexible layer is used to separate a structure from the ground below, is a proven method for reducing earthquake demands that has been recently introduced into the 2015 Canadian building code. Typical installations of seismic isolation use rigid diaphragms to bound the end plates of the isolators, which is easily implemented in new build scenarios but requires extensive excavation and foundation work in retrofit applications. An alternative form of isolation involves placing the isolation plane on top of first floor columns, potentially resulting in flexible boundary conditions. There have been very few experimental programs that mimic these flexible boundary conditions. To address conditions that may be found in column-top isolation design schemes, such as flexible framing and lightly axially loaded corner bearings, an experimental program on a quarter-scale column-top isolation system was conducted. The goals of the investigation were to investigate how rotations of both top and bottom bearing end plates impact key design assumptions such as horizontal stiffness, rotational stiffness, and stability, and how these effects change with axial load. Experimental findings showed that flexible boundary conditions reduce horizontal stiffness based on the sum of rotation at the ends, regardless of the rotation of one bearing end plate with respect to the other. This decrease is dependent on axial load, with more axial load leading to a higher decrease in horizontal stiffness. The rotational stiffness significantly decreases with bearing shear strain and models that use linear, elastic rotational springs underrepresent rotations at the boundaries. Lastly, traditionally used design limits for stability can be used for bearings of moderate shape factor (S1 = 19.6 used in testing) bounded by flexible framing, but these theoretical limits can overestimate the experimental determined limits by nearly double for bearings of low shape factors (S1 = 7.9 used in testing).|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Darlington_Richard_E_FinalSubmission201912_MASc.pdf||12.97 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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