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|Title:||NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENT DEMANDS IN BUILDINGS WITH CONTROLLED ROCKING STEEL BRACED FRAMES|
|Keywords:||Controlled Rocking;Nonstructural Components;Seismic Demands;Self-Centring;High-Performance System;Buckling Restrained Braces|
|Abstract:||Controlled Rocking Steel Braced Frames (CRSBFs) have been developed as a high-performance structural solution to resist seismic forces, due to their ability to minimize structural damage and self-centre the structure back to its original position after an earthquake. A CRSBF is intentionally allowed to uplift and rock on its foundation, which acts as the nonlinear mechanism for the system rather than member yielding and buckling. While the CRSBF is in the rocking phase, the response of the system is controlled by prestressing which anchors the frame to the foundation and energy dissipation devices which are engaged by uplift. Although CRSBFs have shown promising structural performance, an assessment of the overall effectiveness of this system must also consider the performance of nonstructural components which have a significant impact on the safety and economic performance of the system. The purpose of this thesis is to compare the performance of nonstructural components in buildings with CRSBFs to their performance in a conventional codified system such as a buckling restrained braced frame (BRBF), while also investigating which design parameters influence nonstructural component demands in CRSBFs. The responses of various types of nonstructural components, including anchored components, stocky unanchored components that slide, and slender unanchored components that rock, are determined using a cascading analysis approach where absolute floor accelerations generated from nonlinear time-history analyses of each structural system are used as input for computing the responses of nonstructural components. The results show that the trade-off of maintaining elastic behaviour of the CRSBF members is, in general, larger demands on nonstructural components compared to the BRBF system. The results also show that the stiffness of the frame and vibration of the frame in its elastic higher modes are the main influencers for nonstructural component demands in buildings with CRSBFs, while energy dissipation has a minimal impact.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Buccella_Nathan_J_201909_MASc.pdf||6.69 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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