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|Title:||Investigations of the function of the Pit-accessory protein (Pap) in Sinorhizobium meliloti|
|Keywords:||phosphate;membrane protein;microbiology;translational coupling;transporter;Pit|
|Abstract:||Phosphate (PO4-3 or Pi) is an essential molecule necessary for sustaining life and it plays important roles in nucleic acid and cell membrane integrity. However, phosphate is found in growth-limiting concentrations in most environments. Bacteria have developed a diverse set of transport systems to uptake and scavenge phosphate from their environment for use in cellular processes. In the soil bacterium, Sinorhizobium meliloti, one such Pi transport system is the Pap-Pit system. Pit is a membrane transporter for Pi and is associated with a cytosolic protein of unknown function known as Pap (Pit-accessory protein). Interestingly, the stop codon of pap overlaps with the start codon of pit by a single nucleotide. In previous work, the pap gene appeared to be required immediately upstream of pit in an operon for functional Pi transport. Thus, in a pap deletion mutant, when pap is present in trans, there is no Pi transport. This suggests a possible translational coupling mechanism between Pap and Pit, in which the translation of Pap is required for the translation of Pit. Here, an alkaline phosphatase (phoA/lacZ) and a β-glucuronidase (gusA) translational reporter were fused to Pit as a measure of its translation and to understand the role of translational coupling in the Pap-Pit system. Growth complementation experiments with a conditionally Pi transport deficient S. meliloti mutant carrying various mutations in both pap and pit have also been performed in an attempt to determine the function of Pap in Pi uptake. The results presented here provide evidence that pap and pit are translationally coupled, and this is necessary for functional Pi transport via Pap-Pit.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Tiller_Lauren_A_2019September_MSc.pdf||3.58 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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