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|Title:||Nanomechanical Dependence of Micelles on Salt Loading Ratios: A Story of Salt Complexation, Micellar Stability, and Nanoparticle Spatial Distribution|
|Keywords:||reverse micelles;Young's modulus;nanoparticles;salt complexation|
|Abstract:||Nanoparticles have been found to have an increasingly wide range of applications including drug delivery systems, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, single electron devices, catalysis, Li-ionbatteries, andsolarcells. Avarietyofmethodshavebeenused to produce nanoparticles, but one widely used approach is the application of reverse micellenanoreactorswherebyblockco-polymersareusedtoencapsulateprecursorsalts and serve as a vessel for precursor salts to react. As the encapsulation of precursor salts can be a multi-step process, some nanoparticle formulations have proven diﬃcult to make within the reverse micelle nanoreactor. To fully understand the diﬃculties in nanoparticle formation, we need to have a method to probe the internal structure of the reverse micelle. This thesis presents a novel method for probing the internal structure of the reverse micelle using a quantitative mechanical mapping (QNM) mode for atomic force microscopy (AFM). Unloaded reverse micelle nanoreactors were analyzed using the QNM AFM mode. A decrease of the Young’s modulus was noted through the centroid of the reverse micelle. Many models were applied to describe the noted decrease of Young’s modulus. The end result indicated that intrinsic diﬀerences between the mechanical properties of polystyrene and poly(2vinyl pyridine) and the co-polymer orientation lead to the measured decrease in Young’s modulus through the centroid. Results from the unloaded case were used to explain changes to the reverse micelle nanoreactor after loading with precursor salts. Across all precursor salts similar trends were noted, however there was no consistent relative Young’s modulus or molar salt loading ratio noted within the trends. Three distinct loading zones were consistent acrosstheprecursorsalts. Region I wastypiﬁedbyaslightdecreaseinrelativeYoung’s modulus with small resultant nanoparticles. Region II was typiﬁed by linear increases in relative Young’s modulus for increases in the molar salt loading ratio. Region III was found to have two possible outcomes, either the micelle reach a maximum eﬀective inﬁltration, where the relative Young’s modulus ratio no longer increases for increased molar salt loading ratio, or the micelle would unravel for increased molar salt loading ratio. Further studies should be done to conﬁrm the existence of the universal loading regions across further co-polymers, solvents, and precursor salts.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Hanta_Gregory_J_2019Sept_MASc.pdf||86.11 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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