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|Title:||A Pilot Study of Episodic Future Thinking in a Treatment Seeking Addiction Sample|
|Keywords:||episodic future thinking;addiction;alcohol use disorder;behavioural economics|
|Abstract:||Rationale: Individuals with addictive disorders commonly exhibit a shortened temporal window, which interferes with treatment focusing on long-term sobriety. Episodic Future Thinking (EFT) involves generating personalized cues related to anticipated, positive events at various future time points. EFT has been shown to reduce the reinforcing value of addictive substances; however, this has only been shown in non-treatment samples. Purpose: To examine the feasibility, cumulative, and sustained effects of implementing EFT in a treatment seeking addiction sample over a 1-week protocol on decision-making and alcohol motivation. Methods: Twenty-eight treatment seeking individuals were randomly assigned to either undergo an EFT intervention or a control Episodic Recent Thinking (ERT) protocol. Assessments were completed at baseline, end of week 1, and a 1-week follow-up. Measures included a delay discounting task, hypothetical alcohol purchase task, clinical outcome measures, and cognitive mechanism measures. Results: There were significant reductions in alcohol demand indices, delay discounting rates, and an increase in mindful attention awareness after both acute and extended exposure to EFT. Furthermore, the EFT group showed greater reductions compared to the ERT group after extended exposure to their cues. Conclusion: The results suggest that early implementation of EFT in a treatment seeking addiction sample is beneficial to counteract motivating factors for relapse. This study lays the foundation for future clinical trials for EFT as a supplemental therapy for addictions treatment.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Patel_Herry_FinalSubmission2019August_MSc.pdf||1.11 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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