Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Proactive immunity: commensal bacteria interact with the immune system to fight Pseudomonas aeruginosa|
|Department:||Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences|
|Abstract:||Multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa has become an increasing threat. A threat compounded by the fact that the pipeline of antimicrobial discovery continues to lose effectiveness. It is urgent that we identify new strategies to eliminate this and other multi-drug resistant pathogens. Meanwhile, we know that the resident bacteria of the respiratory tract interact with host cells to eliminate incoming threats. The goal of this project is to understand the interactions at play in the microbiota of the respiratory tract and identify the specific commensal bacteria that inhibit P. aeruginosa in the presence of host cells. Using a nasopharyngeal cell culture screen, we were able to identify several human commensals capable of inhibiting the growth of antibiotic-resistant P. aeruginosa in a host-dependent manner. It was also established that this phenotype can be reproduced in more complex systems, including a murine lung slice model, and that the elimination of the pathogen is dependent on the presence of living bacteria, mediated by a secreted factor. We believe that the presence of these commensals has an immunomodulatory effect on the host. By characterizing the cytokines and chemokines produced by the host cells in response to the presence of these commensals, we have shown that these bacteria modify the immune response of the host to the pathogen. Finally, having failed to develop a mouse model of infection, we have determined that the observed phenotype is not a direct action of the host cells, nor the result of hydrogen peroxide secretion. We have further characterized the bacterial strains using genome assembly. This study has confirmed that commensal bacteria create a unique immune environment that contributes to the clearance of pathogens. Identifying bacteria and bacterial products capable of stimulating host defenses and modulating inflammation could provide a new therapeutic approach to reducing infection susceptibility in high-risk patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|Quillier_Ophelie_2018July_MSc.pdf||18.98 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.