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|Title:||Neural and kinematic assessment of dance partnering as an ecological model of haptic mutual entrainment|
|Keywords:||rhythmic entrainment;joint action;haptic interaction;leading;following;neuro-imaging;motion capture;dance partnering|
|Abstract:||Entrainment is the rhythmic coordination of movement with a signal or other person. Most studies on entrainment have looked at synchronization with auditory or visual signals, whereas much less is known about how entrainment emerges mutually between individuals, especially when they are in physical contact with one another. In this dissertation, I empirically explored dance partnering as an ecological model for understanding interpersonal entrainment through haptic interaction. I began by performing a statistical meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging articles devoted to the most common experimental paradigm for entrainment, namely externally-paced finger tapping to an acoustic rhythmic stimulus (Chapter 2). The results showed that the cerebellar vermis was a strong neural marker of entrainment, as it was more activated by externally-paced tapping than by self-paced tapping, whereas the basal ganglia was activated by both types of rhythmic movements. Next, I used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a group of participants trained at couple dancing in order to explore the neural basis of haptic mutual entrainment, with a focus on the dynamics of leading and following (Chapter 3). While mutual interaction overall engaged brain networks involved in somatosensation, internal-body sensation and social cognition, leading showed enhanced activity principally in areas for motor control and self-initiated action, whereas following showed enhanced activity mainly in sensory and social-cognition areas. Finally, I used 3D motion capture to explore multisensory coupling for mutual entrainment at the group level during folk dancing (Chapter 4). The results showed that dancers relied most extensively on haptic coupling to synchronize as a group, whereas auditory and visual coupling were dependent on the spatiotemporal context. These studies advance our understanding of the neural and behavioural mechanisms underlying joint actions in which entrainment emerges mutually through haptic interaction.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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