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|Title:||MATERIALS AND INTERFACE ENGINEERING FOR SOLUTION-PROCESSED UV LIGHT RESPONSIVE ORGANIC PHOTOTRANSISTORS|
|Keywords:||Organic phototranistors;Organic thin film tranistors;Organic semiconductor;Polymers;UV response|
|Abstract:||Organic electronics have reached the level of commercialization and are important parts of our daily life. They are integrated into portable computers, cell phones, identification cards, television, cars, etc. The organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) are the most attractive organic electronic elements that have applications as electronic flexible paper, sensors, smart cards, erasable memory devices, RF-ID tags, and in backplanes for OLED displays. Their performance has already exceeded the performance of transistors based on the amorphous silicon (α-Si). Organic thin film phototransistors (OPTs) have attracted significant research attention as functional OTFTs due to the unique structure of OTFTs (three-terminal device) complemented with the light (fourth terminal). The OTFTs structure enables modulation and amplification of the output signal (the drain current) while light gives the functionality and enhances the performance. Compared to organic photodiodes, OPTs have higher sensitivity and lower noise due to the OTFT structure. Additionally, the advantage of OPTs over inorganic PTs lays in a variety of light responsive organic materials that can be used as active channel materials. Accordingly, use of organic compounds enabled OPTs fabrication from solution, melt, and printing, over large areas of plastic substrates with which they are compatible. So far, many researchers have reported high-performance OPTs. Typically, synthesis of the new light receiving/emitting semiconducting materials is the common approach for the OPT development. Another way is to engineer the device structure by introducing new layers with different functionalities. Often, synthesis is costly, complex, lengthy, and not industrially feasible. This thesis focuses on the development of new methods and materials for OPT performance enhancement to avoid lengthy synthesis and fabrication processes. According to the layers in a typical OPT, that is, from the top to the bottom: active channel, channel/gate dielectric interface, and the gate dielectric layer, the thesis has three major focuses: engineering of the active channel for high-performance OPTs using existing small molecule and existing or new dielectric polymeric materials (Chapters 3-5), interface engineering (Chapter 6), and engineering of the gate dielectric layer (Chapter 7). Utilizing blends of a UV-A responsive 2,7-dipentylbenzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C5-BTBT) small molecule semiconductor and various dielectric polymers (polyesters, PMMA, PVAc, PS, and PC) we developed highly photoresponsive and photosensitive OPTs. Furthermore, we designed and synthesized a new polyimide that is soluble, thermally stable, with reduced deep coloration and more importantly with the strong electron withdrawing groups. High-performance and highly photosensitive OPTs were achieved with capabilities of the application as photo memory elements characteristic of fast switching and long retention times of the persistent photocurrent. We demonstrated that by simple channel/dielectric interface modification using organosilanes with different end groups, the drain photocurrent, and hole mobility could be modulated and enhanced under the UV light illumination. In the final part, we demonstrated that both active channel and dielectric layer engineering could synergistically enhance the performance of OPTs for potential fabrication as photo memory elements. This thesis contributed significantly to fundamental knowledge of photoresponsive organic electronic devices and application of OPTs in the area of printed and flexible electronics|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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