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|Title:||"If they fund people with good food, maybe they don't end up on the medical end of things...": Food Insecurity and Type 2 Diabetes among People Receiving Food Assistance in Halton Region, Ontario|
|Keywords:||food insecurity;type 2 diabetes;syndemics;syndemic theory;social determinants of health|
|Abstract:||The present study investigates the self-care and health maintenance strategies undertaken by individuals from Halton Region, Ontario living with type 2 diabetes and receiving assistance from food acquisition services such as community food re-distribution centres and food banks. This qualitative research project pulls narrative and thematic interview data from 18 semi-structured one-on-one interviews analyzed with syndemic theory and social determinants of health frameworks to demonstrate how clustering non-communicable diseases and social conditions disproportionately affect those in the lowest income category, and interact with each other to exacerbate the negative health effects of each condition alone. The contributions of this study are theoretical and applied. Theoretical contributions augment existing evidence for the study of non-communicable diseases using a syndemic model. The study participants demonstrated syndemic clustering of five conditions: type 2 diabetes, food insecurity, low income, poor mental health, and activity limitation. Further, this study suggests an applied element to the syndemic model through an approach to health and diabetes care that incorporates the whole person as opposed to a single disease as a unit of care. As suggested through the findings of research participant testimony, a diabetes health care centre, in addition to traditional diabetes care, would ideally screen and offer care for the other common clustered conditions listed in the syndemic elements above. Thus, the centre would provide nutrition, physical activity, mental health, and social supports to patients. As well, it is recommended that future research contributes to prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases through social, political, and economic in form of increasing government and healthcare supports for people living with low-income and food insecurity.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Burns_Rebecca_L_FinalSubmission2017September_AnthropologyofHealth.pdf||2.1 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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