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|Title:||Inflammation and Physical Frailty in Women with Knee Osteoarthritis|
|Keywords:||Frailty;Inflammatory cytokines;Knee Osteoarthritis;Arthritis;Interleukin-6;Interleukin-10;Tumor Necrosis Alpha;C reactive protein|
|Abstract:||Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in older adults. Knee OA is associated with limitations in physical function. Functional limitations are also associated with another geriatric condition, frailty. Frailty is characterized by reduced strength, endurance and physiological function. Purpose: The primary purpose of this study is to determine if there is a difference in radiographic or symptomatic knee OA severity between non-frail and pre-frail women with knee OA. Secondary objectives include: a) the relationship between radiographic and symptomatic OA severity with serum inflammatory cytokines, and b) if there is a difference in inflammatory cytokines between non-frail and pre-frail women with knee OA. Methods: We included 21 community-dwelling women with knee OA. Frailty was assessed using the Fried Frailty Phenotype. Knee OA severity was characterized by the Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) score and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Questionnaire (KOOS). Inflammatory cytokines included serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis alpha (TNF α) and C reactive protein (CRP). Results: Data from 20 participants (66.1 [9.6] years, BMI 29.7 [4.9] kg/m2, non-frail=55%; pre-frail=45%) were analyzed. Radiographic severity was not different between frailty groups (p= 0.11). There was no difference in symptomatic knee OA severity, measured using the KOOS subscales, between frailty groups (p>0.17). Radiographic OA severity and inflammatory markers were not associated (p>0.30). There was a negative relationship between TNF α and self-reported pain (r=0.26), no relationships between inflammatory cytokines with any other KOOS sub-scales. Lastly, there was no difference in any inflammatory cytokines between non-frail and pre-frail groups. Conclusion: Despite the relatively young age, nearly 50% of our participants were pre-frail. Pre-frailty was unrelated to the severity of the knee OA, or inflammatory cytokines. TNF α may be involved in the experience of pain in these women. While it appears women with knee OA frequently demonstrate pre-frail status, more work is necessary to examine the link between these diseases.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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