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|Title:||Induced Anisotropy in Liquids|
|Keywords:||induced anisotropy;anisotropic liquid;isotopic liquid;collisional motion|
|Abstract:||<p> The spectra of depolarized light scattered from Isotropic and anisotropic liquids were Investigated In order to obtain information on both the reorientational and collisional motions of the liquid molecules. </p> <p> The liquid spectra taken at 22°C on a Coderg spectrometer (1 cm. ^-1 slits) were decomposed into relaxational and collisional components using least squares fitting techniques. Integrated Intensities and depolarization ratios in the zero em -1 (1 cm ^-1= 3 x 10^10 hz.) frequency sjift region as well as in the less than 5 cm^-1 region are reported. </p> <p> The Isotropic liquid spectra from 5 cm ^-1 consisted of a narrow Lorentz and a broader coliisional component which was exponential at shifts > 10 cm^-1. The anisotropic spectra also consisted of relaxational and collisional components; however, the Integrated Intensity of the relaxational and the collisional components Increased by a factor of 20 and 10 respectively from the isotropic liquids. </p> <p> A simple model based on frame distortion Induced anisotropy was constructed to predict the relative Intensity ratios of the collisional component for both Isotropic and anisotropic liquids. </p> <p> The relaxation time of the Lorentz component was Interpreted for both isotropic and anisotropic liquids as being the average time between collisions. It was, found to vary as μ^((3/4)/p), where μ is the reduced mass of two colliding molecules and p the liquid density.</p> <p> The line width parameter 1/vo for all the collisional components was interpreted as being a measure of the duration of a collision and was found to vary as μ^1/2 independent of the density P. </p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Taylor_Roderick_S_1972Sep_Masters.pdf||2.19 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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