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|Title:||FATTY ACID PROFILES OF NUTRTION SOURCES AND PLASMA IN PRETERM INFANTS|
|Keywords:||Fatty acids, Lipid emulsions, Breast milk, Preterm infants, Quantification, GC-MS|
|Abstract:||Preterm infants are not able to tolerate full enteral feeding of breast milk due to gut immaturity. To fill this nutritional gap, parenteral nutrition is introduced while enteral feeding is gradually increased. Of parenteral nutrition, lipid emulsions supply energy, essential and polyunsaturated fatty acids, which significantly affect short- and long-term health outcomes of growth, visual-and neuro-development for preterm infants. However, elevated plasma triglyceride (TG) levels in preterm infants receiving lipid emulsions have been observed despite less lipid intake compared to breast milk fed infants. We hypothesized that unbalanced fatty acid profiles in lipid emulsion was one factor to cause high plasma TGs for preterm infants. In the multi-center, observational, prospective study, the following samples were analyzed using GC-MS: (1) lipid emulsions (n=5) and breast milk (n=112), (2) plasma (n=294) including normal TG (n=116) and high TG (n=88). Lipoproteins in normal TG (n=18) and high TG (n=24) plasma were measured using gel electrophoresis. Fatty acid profiles in lipid emulsions differed from ones in breast milk. Plasma fatty acid profiles were related to dietary fatty acid intake. Accumulation of all fatty acids except C20:5n3 and relatively high (LDL+VLDL) levels (p<0.001) resulted in high TG plasma compared to normal TG plasma. Overall, this study supports the hypothesis that nutrition of lipid emulsions was associated high TG with differences in fatty acid uptake but it is still unclear if the imbalance of fatty acids directly causes high TG. More research is necessary to investigate other factors such as enzyme activity, lipid clearance rate, or different rate of fatty acid metabolism.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|CHOI_ARUM_2016_MSc.pdf||Dissertation||1.47 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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