Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Heavy Metal Removal From Wastewater Using Microbial Electrolysis Cells|
|Keywords:||Heavy metal removal;Bioelectrochemical systems;Cadmium;Lead;Microbial electrolysis cells;removal mechanisms|
|Abstract:||Heavy metal contamination in water is a serious environmental and human health issue. Lead (Pb2+) and cadmium (Cd2+) are strictly regulated in wastewater effluent due to their high toxicity at low concentrations. Heavy metals are difficult to remove in conventional biological wastewater treatment because they are water soluble and non-biodegradable. Advanced treatment, such as tight membrane filtration and ion exchange, can be applied but they often require a high electrical energy input and a large amount of chemicals for pre- or post-treatment. Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) can be used to treat wastewater while simultaneously recovering energy in the form of hydrogen gas. Additionally, MECs were proven to be effective for heavy metal removal. The commonly investigated removal mechanism for heavy metals in MECs is reduction at the cathode where heavy metal ions are reduced to metallic solids. The research presented in this thesis examined the effectiveness of cathodic reduction and other heavy metal removal mechanisms in MECs over a wide range of metal concentrations (10 μg/L-12 mg/L). Lab-scale MEC operation demonstrated successful removal of both Pb2+ and Cd2+ under different electric conditions, operation times, and initial metal concentrations. In addition to cathodic reduction, heavy metal removal in MECs was demonstrated through chemical precipitation at the cathode and electrochemical reduction and biosorption at the bioanode. The results of this research also confirmed the importance of microbial activity at the bioanode to efficiently drive the removal mechanisms in MECs.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|colantonio_natalie_finalsubmission2016may_MASC.pdf||1.12 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.