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|Title:||Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Sterically Stabilized by Silicone|
|Advisor:||Pelton, R. H.|
Brook, M. A.
|Keywords:||sterically, stabilized, silicone, particle, formation, latex, nucleation|
|Abstract:||<p> Nonaqueous poly(methyl methacrylate) latices were prepared by nonaqueous dispersion polymerization of poly(methyl methacrylate) in heptane in the presence of either trimethylsilyl terminated or vinyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane stabilizer. Poly(methyl methacrylate) particles stabilized by vinyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane showed smaller particle sizes than did those stabilized by trimethylsilyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane. Diameters of the various latex preparations ranged from 1.4 to 0.8 μm and silicone content was around 2 mole percent in each case. Differences between the two types of latex were explained in terms of the nucleation mechanism operating during the preparation of the latices and in terms of the type of attachment of the stabilizer chain to the poly(methyl methacrylate) core.</p> <p> The effect of the silicone concentration present during particle formation was investigated. Vinyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane stabilized latex gave better stabilized particles than did methyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane stabilized latex. The results of varying the concentration and type of initiator were consistent with the conclusions about differences in nucleation and grafting mechanisms.</p> <p> The stability of polydimethylsiloxane stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) particles was investigated in n-heptane. Acidified montmorillonite clay was determined as the optimum catalyst for this latex system. Flocculation set in at 70% of the original silicone content when the siloxane on the particle surface was degraded with montmorillonite clay in a good solvent. Flocculation was irreversible and occurred abruptly. The point of flocculation was reproducible and the rate of flocculation was identical for two different types of silicone stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) latex.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Osterroth_Andrea_1991Mar_Masters..pdf||1.96 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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