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|Title:||DEVELOPMENT OF AN ORGANOCATALYTIC [3+3] REACTION SEQUENCE TOWARD AMINOCYCLITOLS AND TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF ANTICANCER AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS|
|Authors:||Zepeda-Velazquez, Carlos Armando|
|Abstract:||In the thesis, the development of asymmetric organocatalytic [3+3] sequences for the assembly of aminocyclitols is described. A water-based Wittig reaction was developed in order to produce the key enal-based starting materials, which were otherwise difficult to obtain commercially and synthetically. The enals derived from the Witig reaction were employed in the synthesis of both natural products and synthetic analogs of compounds in the amaryllidaceae family. The [3+3] Michael-aldol sequence described herein provided regio-, diastereoand enantioselective access to the core of the various targeted molecules, containing 3 to 4 defined stereocenters. The sequence was optimized via manipulation of the structures of both the organocatalyst and base used leading to increased selectivity and yield. Complete total synthesis of the natural product (+)-trans-dihydrolycoricidine was achieved using the optimized organocatalytic Michael-aldol sequence. The most effective catalyst/base combination for this synthesis was found to be a comercial diphenylsilylprolinol ether and quinidine, which led to a dramatic reduction in the number of synthetic steps taken to the final product, and highest yield, when compared to other reported approaches: in 9 chemical steps, 12% overall yield and 98% e.e. were achieved. Two non-natural analogues were also synthesized using this methodology in order to probe the minimum pharmacophore of the amaryllidaceae derivatives, as they are known to express anti-viral and anti-cancer activity for certain cell lines. (+)-3- Deoxydihydrolycoricidine containing 4 chiral centers, was synthesized via the same [3+3] Michael-aldol sequence as the natural product in 6 steps with 15% yield and >99% e.e. Similarly, (+)-trans-3-epidihydrolycoricidine was obtained in 6 steps, 27% yield and >99% e.e. The biological activity of these derivatives is yet to be examined. This highly effective method for the preparation of chiral aminocycllitols can be generalized toward the synthesis of numerous targets, which will be the focus of future research.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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