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|Title:||The Emotional Impact of Concussion: Exploring the Risks and Experiences of Depression in Youth Recovering from Concussion|
|Keywords:||Concussion, Mild traumatic brain injury, Depression, Children, Youth, Post-concussion syndrome|
|Abstract:||Children and youth who suffer a mild traumatic brain injury or concussion are at risk for a number of negative outcomes. The symptoms of concussion and the management of these symptoms can be disruptive to the child’s everyday activities, especially if they are prolonged. Depression can result and may complicate the course of recovery. Depression has overlapping symptoms with concussion and is thought to lengthen the recovery period. There has been much research done in populations of mixed severities of brain injury but very little addresses children with concussion. Knowledge in this area is crucial due to depression’s impact on all aspects of functioning as well as the potential alteration of the child’s developmental trajectory. The purpose of this research was to examine the risks and predictors of depression following concussion in youth and to explore the experiences of a subsample of youth and their families with prolonged recovery from concussion, complicated by depression. Chapter One provides a review of the current literature setting the context for the research within what is known about concussion in youth, what is known about depression in youth and because of the early stages of this type of research, what is known about depression as an outcome of concussion in all age groups. Chapter Two presents a study highlighting the tangible risk for depression in a sample of children being followed in a tertiary care clinic (N=92). Significant predictors of depressive symptomatology were found to be the need for hospital admission and high symptom scores in the first few days and weeks after injury, which may be valuable information for prevention, early identification and treatment of youth at risk for depression after concussion. Chapter Three provides an in-depth exploration of the experiences of youth and families who have gone through prolonged recovery from concussion with significant depressive symptomatology. A phenomenological approach was used with six participants and their families who were interviewed and their responses analyzed. A trajectory of recovery was identified; common themes within each of four key stages of the trajectory were discussed and illustrated using direct quotes from the participants. Chapter Four outlines the important implications of these two studies for health care professionals; particularly in raising awareness of the mental health outcomes of concussion. Knowledge of the impact of debilitating symptoms, activity restrictions and depression can inform discussions early after a concussion to prepare and possibly prevent some of the losses experienced by youth that can lead to depression.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Stazyk Full thesis_final+rev_Jul7 final.docx||Sandwich thesis with a qualitative and quantitative article between introduction and discussion/conclusion.||1.42 MB||Microsoft Word XML||View/Open|
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