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|Title:||Dual Isolation for Enhanced Seismic Protection|
|Keywords:||Earthquake;Base Isolation;Dual Isolation|
|Abstract:||Base isolated buildings are well known to provide enhanced performance due to minimized accelerations and decreased interstory drifts. However, the reduced demands are obtained at the expense of large displacements at the isolation layer. This study investigates an innovative system, termed ‘dual isolation’, which applies two layers of isolation, one at the base and one mid-story to resolve this issue. An analytical solution for the equation of motion of the proposed system is developed based on linear isolation theory. This creates a foundation to assess the behavior of various types of seismic protection systems and to select the damping, mass and frequency ratio that leads to an optimal dual isolation design. Time history responses of the dual isolation system with viscous damping are compared to those of a conventional isolation counterpart to examine the effectiveness of the system. The system reduces first floor displacements by 40% on average, while the roof displacement is increased by roughly 15%. This results in reduced design forces for the structure. In addition, accelerations, especially above the second isolation layer, are significantly decreased. By reducing story shears and accelerations, the dual isolation system limits damage to both structural and nonstructural systems and components, thereby increasing global system performance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Ezazi_Ashkan_201707_MASc.pdf||Main article||6.49 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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