Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Theoretical Modeling of Quantum Dot Infrared Photodetectors|
|Authors:||Naser, Mohamed Abdelaziz Kotb|
|Advisor:||Deen, Jamal M.|
Thompson, David A.
|Keywords:||quantum dot infrared photodetectors;physical performance;theoretical model;non-equillibrium Green's functions;nano-devices;responsivity;detectivity|
|Abstract:||Quantum dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs) have emerged as a promising technology in the mid- and far-infrared (3-25 μm) for medical and environmental sensing that have a lot of advantages over current technologies based on Mercury Cadmium Telluride (MCT) and quantum well (QW) infrared photodetectors (QWIPs). In addition to the uniform and stable surface growth of III/V semiconductors suitable for large area focal plane applications and thermal imaging, the three dimension confinement in QDs allow sensitivity to normal incidence, high responsivity, low darkcurrent and high operating temperature. The growth, processing and characterizations of these detectors are costly and take a lot of time. So, developing theoretical models based on the physical operating principals will be so useful in characterizing and optimizing the device performance. Theoretical models based on non-equilibrium Green's functions have been developed to electrically and optically characterize different structures of QDIPs. The advantage of the model over the previous developed classical and semiclassical models is that it fairly describes quantum transport phenomenon playing a significant role in the performance of such nano-devices and considers the microscopic device structure including the shape and size of QDs, heterostructure device structure and doping density. The model calculates the density of states from which all possible energy transitions can be obtained and hence obtains the operating wavelengths for intersubband transitions. The responsivity due to intersubband transitions is calculated and the effect of having different sizes and different height-to-diameter ratio QDs can be obtained for optimization. The dark and photocurrent are calculated from the quantum transport equation provided by the model and their characteristics at different design parameter are studied. All the model results show good agreement with the available experimental results. The detectivity has been calculated from the dark and photocurrent characteristics at different design parameters. The results shows a trade off between the responsivity and detectivity and what determines the best performance is how much the rate of increase of the photocurrent and dark current is affected by changing the design parameters. Theoretical modeling developed in the thesis give good description to the QDIP different characteristics that will help in getting good estimation to their physical performance and hence allow for successful device design with optimized performance and creating new devices, thus saving both time and money.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|Naser_Mohamed_Abdelaziz_Kotb_2009October_PhD.pdf||Thesis||52.64 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.