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|Title:||Chain Conformation and Nano-Patterning of Polymer Brushes Prepared By Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization|
|Keywords:||polymerization;atom transfer radical polymerization;si-ATRP;radical termination;migration-termination;poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate);POEGMA;poly(methyl methacrylate);PMMA;copolymer;poly(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl methacrylate -co- oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate) (P(MEO(2)MA-co-OEGMA));silicon wafers;neutron reflectometry;NR|
|Abstract:||<p> Over the past decade, the development of surface-initiated living polymerization methods has brought a breakthrough to surface modification owing to their control ability. Surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (si-ATRP), as the most popular one, has been widely employed to give novel polymer structures and functionalities to various surfaces for the purposes of tailoring surface properties, introducing new functions, or preparing so-called "smart surfaces", which can respond to external stimuli such as solvent type, pH, temperature, electric and magnetic fields etc. In this thesis, the mechanistic study of the si-ATRP was first carried out through modeling to gain good understanding of si-ATRP. Si-ATRP was then employed to prepare different types of polymer brushes to produce "smart surfaces". </p> <p> The kinetic model was developed using the method of moment. Combined with experimental data, a quantitative analysis was carried out for the si-ATRP mechanism. All information of grafted polymer chains, including active chain concentration, radical concentration, chain length, polydispersity, was illustrated. A new radical termination mechanism, termed as migration-termination, was proposed for si-ATRP. </p> <p> Si-ATRP was then employed to graft poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate) (POEGMA) block poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) brushes on silicon wafer surfaces. Simple solvent treatment gave nanoscale patterns via the phase segregation of POEGMA and PMMA segments. Various patterns including spherical aggregates, wormlike aggregates, stripe patterns, perforated layers and complete overlayers, were obtained by adjusting the upper block layer thickness. Furthermore, these nanopatterns had a unique stimuli-responsive property, i.e., switching between different morphologies reversibly after being treated with selective solvents. </p> <p> POEGMA-block-poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl trimethylammonium chloride) (PMETAC) brushes, having two hydrophilic segments, were synthesized by si-ATRP method. A variety of nanopatterns and their stimuli-responsive ability were observed. The adsorption behaviors of fibrinogen on these patterns were thoroughly studied by ellipsometry, water contact angel measurement, AFM and radio labelling method. </p> <p> A novel thermo-responsive copolymer, poly(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl methacrylate -co-oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate) (P(ME02MA-co-OEGMA)), was also grafted onto silicon wafers. Its thermo-responsive behavior and chain conformation in aqueous solution were studied by neutron reflectometry (NR). Both extended and collapsed brushes exhibited good protein adsorption resistance. </p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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