Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||OVEREXPRESSION OF THE TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR KAISO IN MURINE INTESTINES INDUCES INFLAMMATION|
|Other Titles:||THE BELLY DANCE OF KAISO IN MURINE INTESTINES|
|Abstract:||Since the discovery of the p120ctn binding partner, Kaiso, a BTB/POZ transcription factor, several studies have implicated the protein in both development and tumourigenesis. Most information about Kaiso’s function in vertebrate development has been gleaned from studies in Xenopus laevis embryos where Kaiso negatively regulates the Wnt signalling pathway. Since the Wnt signalling pathway is crucial in intestinal development, intestinal-specific Kaiso overexpressing mice were generated and characterized to elucidate Kaiso’s role in a mammalian context. Kaiso transgenic (KaisoTg/+) mice were viable and fertile but developed gross histopathological changes in the small intestine. The KaisoTg/+ mice exhibited enlarged crypts accompanied by increased secretory cell differentiation reminiscent of inhibition of the Notch pathway. Indeed, the Notch effector protein, HES1, is decreased in KaisoTg/+ mice. Additionally, KaisoTg/+ mice display a neutrophil-specific intestinal inflammation reminiscent of the knockdown of p120ctn. Interestingly, the KaisoTg/+ mice display decreased p120ctn localization at the membranes and an increase in the neutrophil adhesion molecule, ICAM-1, both of which induce neutrophilia. Notably, the KaisoTg/+ mice developed multiple crypt abscesses over time due to massive neutrophil infiltration of the epithelial cell layers. This is the first study to examine the in vivo roles of Kaiso in a mammalian context and our findings suggest a regulatory role for Kaiso in the inflammatory and Notch signalling pathways.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|Chaudhary_Roopali Thesis.pdf||Final Thesis||3.65 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.