Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||KAISO: A NOVEL MEDIATOR OF INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION AND TUMORIGENESIS|
|Abstract:||Multiple studies have implicated the POZ-ZF and methyl-DNA-binding transcription factor, Kaiso, in the regulation of genes and pathways that are important for development and tumorigenesis. In Xenopus embryos and mammalian cultured cells, Kaiso has been implicated as a negative regulator of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Paradoxically however, Kaiso depletion extends lifespan and delays polyp onset in the ApcMin/+ mouse model of intestinal tumorigenesis, where aberrant activation of Wnt signaling results in the development of neoplasias. These findings call into question Kaiso’s role as a negative regulator of canonical Wnt signaling and led us to hypothesize that Kaiso promotes intestinal tumorigenesis by a mechanism independent of its role in canonical Wnt signaling. To further delineate Kaiso’s role in intestinal tumorigenesis and to determine Kaiso’s role in regulating canonical Wnt signaling in the murine intestine, we generated a Kaiso transgenic mouse model expressing an intestine-specific murine Kaiso transgene. We then crossed our Kaiso transgenic mice with ApcMin/+ mice and analyzed the resultant progeny. Unexpectedly, Kaiso transgenic mice exhibited intestinal inflammation, increased expression of Wnt target genes and deregulated progenitor cell differentiation, although ectopic expression of Kaiso was not sufficient to drive tumorigenesis in the intestine. In agreement with previous studies, ectopic Kaiso expression in ApcMin/+ mice resulted in a significantly shortened lifespan and increased tumour burden. While we were unable to determine the precise mechanism by which Kaiso promotes intestinal tumour development, we found that Kaiso-induced inflammation is enhanced in the ApcMin/+ background and ectopic Kaiso expression further intensifies Wnt target gene expression in this model. Collectively, these studies have identified novel roles for Kaiso in regulating inflammation and cell-fate determination in the intestine. Furthermore, our findings suggest that Kaiso may contribute to intestinal tumorigenesis by promoting inflammation, which has been shown to be a predisposing factor for colorectal cancer development. Lastly, we have demonstrated distinct tissue and organism-specific roles for Kaiso in regulating canonical Wnt signaling. While, the aforementioned studies were the primary focus of this thesis, we also examined Kaiso’s role in DNA methylation-dependent repression of two tumour-associated genes, cyclinD1 and HIF1A. Our studies revealed that Kaiso binds and regulates the cyclinD1 locus via both sequence-specific and methylation-dependent DNA binding, suggesting that these alternate modes by which Kaiso binds to DNA may not be mutually exclusive. Furthermore, we identified a previously unexplored role for Kaiso in regulating the expression of the master regulator of hypoxia, HIF1A, which implicates Kaiso in modulating hypoxia-driven tumorigenic processes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Files in This Item:
|Christina Pierre- Post defence thesis.pdf||Thesis File||6.81 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.