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|Title:||Design and Analysis of Fluorescent Ce:YAG Solar Concentrator|
|Keywords:||concentrator;solar cells;fluorescent materials;phosphor|
|Abstract:||Research in fluorescent solar concentrators (FSCs) commenced in mid-1970’s to lower the cost of solar cells through the reduction of the required solar cell active area, and by incorporating them in-to buildings, thereby offsetting installation costs. In FSCs, light penetrates the top surface of a waveguide, is absorbed by the fluorescent material (FM) and is emitted at a longer wavelength that is then internally reflected towards edge solar cells. In this project, the use of cerium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Ce:YAG) was explored as an FM, from which the optical transport of fluorescence must be enhanced towards solar cell edges. Optical spectroscopic techniques were conducted to characterize a sample of Ce:YAG with a doping level of 0.180 mol%. An excitation and emission profile indicated a strong absorption at 476 nm and a strong radiation at 530 nm, where the fluorescence process lasted for only 62.3 ns, with a conversion efficiency of 80.0%. Meanwhile, x-ray analysis concluded that this material had a density of 4.56 g/cm3. An acrylic concentrator with local islands of Ce:YAG was successfully fabricated. A lens sheet was used to provide strong sunlight coupling to Ce:YAG. The concentrator was analysed using Optics Lab, Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) and through experimental flux measurements, the percentage of light that waveguided to the edges was determined. Optics Lab yielded 56.10%, MCS yielded 59.20% and flux measurements resulted in 58.22% (without lenses) and 57.14% with lenses. Also, an overall experimental optical efficiency was determined to be 32.45% without lenses and 53.53% with lenses. These results can be improved by modifying the fabrication techniques and using substrates with higher refractive indices.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|AbrarSidahmed_Design_And_Analysis_of_CeYAG_FSC.pdf||Thesis||3.08 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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