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|Title:||RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OXIDATIVE STRESS AND COMBINED ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN WOMEN WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER|
|Keywords:||Oxidative Stress;Combined Oral Contraceptive;Bipolar Disorder|
|Abstract:||Background: The objective of this thesis was to measure oxidative stress (OS) in women with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who used combined oral contraceptives (OCU). Based on our literature review, it was predicted that OCU would increase OS levels relative to non-contraceptive users (NCU) in women. Methods: Thirty-five participants (BD n=25; Control n=10) were recruited from an ongoing study based in British Columbia ‘The Systematic Treatment Optimization Program in Early Mania.’ Participants were administered psychological screening tools (Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) and provided a blood sample for the assays (Lipid Hydroperoxide (LPH), Protein Carbonylation, 4-Hydroxynonenal, 3-Nitrotyrosine (3-NT) and 17-Beta Estradiol). Results: In our primary analysis we did not find differences in OS between BD and controls relative to OCU. Within our remaining analyses, only BD women (n=17) and who gave smoking status were included. We found 3-NT to be increased in OCU compared to NCU (F (1, 12) = 5.639, p = 0.035). With respect to mood stabilizer use, 3-NT was increased in OCU relative to NCU (F (1, 10) = 6.33, p=0.031). As for atypical antipsychotics, 3-NT was heightened in OCU adjunctive users compared to NCU who did not use atypical antipsychotics (F (3, 10) = 4.822, p = 0.025). As for our correlation analyses, YRMS correlated with 3-NT and LPH in OCU BD women (r(11)= 0.711, p=0.014 and r(11) = 0.676, p=0.022, respectively) and 17-Beta Estradiol correlated with LPH (r(17) = 0.598, p = 0.001). Our results are preliminary and are limited by our small sample size and various other factors (i.e. controls). Conclusion: The association between hormones and oxidative stress still remains controversial. Here we showed, after controlling for smoking, BMI and age the use of a COC significantly increased 3-NT in women with BD. Moreover, hormones may influence the relationship between OS and mood episodes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|THESIS-FINAL-CORRECT-VERSION-UPDATED-REFERENCES.pdf||Correct Version of Thesis||2.4 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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