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|Title:||Magnetic resonance imaging of leg muscle structure and composition in women with and without osteoporosis|
|Keywords:||diffusion tensor imaging (DTI);proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS);peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT);skeletal muscle;fat infiltration;physical function|
|Abstract:||Introduction: Bone loss, fractures, and declining physical performance are associated with muscle atrophy and fat infiltration. Muscle structure and composition differences may be apparent between women with and without osteoporosis (OP). Purpose: To: 1) evaluate the effect of a time period spent in supine on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of muscle size and diffusion properties in young and older women; 2) assess the feasibility of applying three MRI scanning methods to evaluate macrostructural and microstructural properties of leg muscles in older women; and 3) compare musculoskeletal tissue structure and composition between older women with and without OP, and to determine the relationships between bone, muscle, fat, and physical performance. Methods: Sixteen young and older women had their legs scanned with MRI at baseline and after 30 and 60 minutes of supine resting. Feasibility of recruitment, participant tolerance to scanning, and image acquisition and analysis protocols were assessed. Thirty-five moderately active, older women with and without OP underwent MRI and peripheral quantitative computed tomography scanning of the leg and performed physical performance tests. Results: In young and older women, muscle size did not change with time spent supine, but water diffusivity decreased in some muscle regions. It is feasible to perform a single session of three MRI scanning techniques in older women. Women with and without OP had similar musculoskeletal structure that showed fat infiltration is associated with reduced bone strength and slower gait speed. Conclusions: In young and older women, muscle size is unaffected by a period of supine rest, but time spent in supine may modify water diffusivity measures. It is feasible to use a combination of MRI scanning techniques to evaluate leg muscle structure in older women. MRI improves our understanding of the relationships among muscle, fat, bone, and physical performance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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|Lorbergs_Amanda_L_2014August_PhD.pdf||Dissertation-Main article||4.54 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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