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|Title:||Periodic Domain Inversion of MgO-Doped Lithium Niobate By Corona Discharge Method|
|Keywords:||stabalized corona torch plasma;MgO doped lithium niobate;discharge characteristics;optical emission spectroscopy|
|Abstract:||<p>In this work a flow stabilized corona torch plasma was used for periodic domain inversion of MgO-doped lithium niobate with 19 .1 μm periodic gratings. The effective non-linear coefficient (derr) achieved through corona discharge poling was 17.5 pm/V, which agrees well with theoretical value of 16~19 pm/V. By analysing the second harmonic generation (SHG) tuning curves, the grating uniformity over the 10 mm grating was investigated. The 0.6 run bandwidth of the SHG tuning at full width half maximum (FWHM) corresponded exactly to the theoretical value. The agreement between experimental data and theoretical results imply that the obtained periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) has high quality. By controlling temperature in the range of 20 °C to 120 °C tunability of SHG wavelength was demonstrated between 782 run and 788 run.</p> <p>Discharge characteristics of the corona were studied using a floating potential double probe and optical emission spectroscopy. Using the double probe the distribution of ion density downstream of the corona torch was observed. The maximum ion density of 2 x 1018 (ions/cm3) was achieved 2 mm below the discharge electrode. Measurement of the optical emission spectrum was used to determine the vibrational ion temperature to be 3953 K. The observed spectrum consisted entirely of the second positive band of nitrogen.</p> <p>The applied voltage range of 9 kV to 10 kV was observed to be optimum for domain growth in periodic poling. Poling uniformity of the 12 mm grating was optimized for an electrode to crystal spacing of 13 mm. Increasing the crystal temperature during poling reduces the required coercive field for domain inversion. This reduces the required applied voltage and also reduces the required poling time by increasing the domain-switching rate. Proton exchange pretreatment of the (+z) crystal surface prior to poling has been demonstrated to control domain spreading, however future efforts are required to ensure a more reliable nucleation condition. Both high vacuum and spin coated photoresist function to increase electrical discrimination of anode grating and provide an improved nucleation condition for periodic poling of MgO-doped lithium niobate. Poling uniformity of the 12 mm grating was optimised for an electrode to crystal spacing of 13mm.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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