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|Title:||Supramolecular Functionalization of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Conjugated Polymers|
|Department:||Chemistry and Chemical Biology|
|Keywords:||Carbon nanotube;conjugated polymer;supramolecular functionalization;polyfluorene;polythiophene;molecular weight;glucose biosensor;Polymer Chemistry;Polymer Chemistry|
|Abstract:||<p>Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are of special interest in current research due to their extraordinary mechanical, electronic and optical properties. Their unique structure, remarkable thermal and electrical conductivity, and high mechanical strength make SWNTs viable candidates for a wide range of device applications. However, pristine CNTs are not dispersible in most solvents, the main difficulties in CNT applications are related to their purification and solution-phase processing. In recent years, the supramolecular functionalization of SWNTs with conjugated polymers has received significant attention. Research within this field has been driven by the desire to find polymer structures that can selectively disperse certain nanotubes species with high efficiency.</p> <p>After a brief overview of the studies that are related to the investigation of the supramolecular interaction between various conjugated polymers and SWNTs (chapter 1), the synthesis of fluorene and thiophene-based conjugated polymers and their supramolecular complex formation properties with SWNTs are described (chapter 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6). In order to understand the effect that conjugated polymer structure has on formation of supramolecular complexes with SWNTs, various factors were investigated by: (1) altering the polymer backbone composition; (2) varying the polymer molecular weight; (3) introducing different solubilizing groups while the polymer backbone remained the same; (4) changing the polymer conformation. All of the resulting polymer-nanotube assemblies exhibit excellent solution stability in THF in the absence of excess unbound free polymer. The spectroscopic characterization of the polymer-SWNT complex materials indicated that the interaction between the conjugated polymers and SWNTs is strongly influenced by polymer structure.</p> <p>The interaction between a water soluble polythiophene derivative, poly[3-(3-N,N-diethylaminopropoxy)-thiophene] (PDAOT), and SWNTs is discussed in chapter 7. It is also demonstrated that the PDAOT-SWNT complexes form stable aqueous solutions that can be used for the fabrication of highly sensitive amperometric glucose biosensors.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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